ABU DHABI, 13th MAY 2020 (WAM) – The UAE and South Korea have succeeded in flattening the new coronavirus, COVID-19, curve by adopting a proactive and technology-driven approach and by learning from its experiences, according to experts participated in an E-lecture.
Organised by TRENDS Research and Advisory in Abu Dhabi, the lecture highlighted the international best practices adopted by countries in Asia, especially the UAE and South Korea, and the factors behind their success in tackling the pandemic.
Dr. Saif Al-Dhaheri, Director of Safety and Prevention Department at the National Emergency Crisis and Disasters Management Authority, NCEMA, , said the UAE adopted the PPA (proactive and preventive approach), which was similar to the South Korea model.
"In January, we did not close everything with China but we reduced the number of flights. We continued to stand with China, we wanted our relationship to go beyond the pandemic, and we put people coming from China through a PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) test," he said.
At that time, according to Dr. Al-Dhaheri, the UAE also started scenario planning, considering all socio-economic scenarios and learning from the H1N1 (a novel influenza virus emerged in 2009) experience.
He said that this was a very complex operation and the country is until now looking at multiple domains in parallel.
"For 120 days, we conducted about 500 high official meetings, roughly 20-30 meetings a week, looking for various domains and different levels (from medical to tourism)," he said, adding that a strong communication strategy was the key to dealing with a country that has over 200 nationalities.
He also highlighted the significance of the Woqaya initiative, a digital platform that answers public queries, which helped the public understand the situation and raised awareness.
Talking about the country’s disinfection programme that minimised human mobility while the authorities disinfected public places, he said, "The UAE has proved that it has an exceptional model in managing crises. We also look outward, not only inward, and we have maintained our commitment to humanity."
Dr. Al-Dhaheri specially mentioned for the UAE’s stem cell experiment, which helped treat 73 patients and marked a breakthrough in treatment using stem cell research.
Dr. Victor Cha, Senior Advisor Korea Chair, at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, CSIS, in the United States, said Asian governments and societies have done something right to emerge from the pandemic, which provides some lessons for the world.
"You have to acknowledge the pandemic early and respond quickly. It took nine days for South Korea’s Centre for Disease Control and the National Health Service to form a call centre, inform the public and receive data about cases," he said.
Dr. Cha said that 10 days later, the South Korea government agencies started supplying extra masks to medical workers and started testing over 20,000 people daily.
"The Korean president declared National Emergency on 23rd February," he said.
According to Dr. Cha, the second lesson from the Asian cases is that governments listened to their health experts and delegated implementation to local levels while, at the same time, galvanising the private sector to develop innovative responses.
"The government in South Korea also fostered public-private sector collaboration, from social distancing to contact tracing. It hired pharmaceutical companies to work together to produce test kits," he said.
Dr. Stephen Blackwell, Director of Research and Strategic Studies at the TRENDS Research and Advisory moderated the session.
Established in 2014 as an independent research centre, TRENDS conducts specialised studies in the fields of international relations and political, economic, and social sciences.