TRENDS STUDY Reviews the Challenges of Artificial Intelligence and calls for Global Regulation of the Booming Technology
Research and Advisory has released a research paper entitled "Artificial
Intelligence: Friend or Foe", which focuses on the potential risks of
artificial intelligence tools, and the regulations required to control this
technology before it is too late.
paper was prepared by Prof. Ahmed Khamis Khalil Al-Janabi who explained that
artificial intelligence is one of the most important changes that transforms every
walk of life and captured the attention of researchers. It is a product of
intelligent systems that display human-like capabilities such as reasoning, learning
and understanding. It is also a form of intelligent computing, because it uses computer
software, that can sense, think, learn and mimic human behavior.
study indicated that artificial intelligence technology mainly aims to protect
humans and preserve lives, saves time and effort and convert primary
information into valuable knowledge. It guides humanity towards new horizons of
discoveries, delivers tasks in a short time span. Artificial Intelligence tools
are flexibile and easy to use in the field. They have the ability to work in
dangerous situations and achieve good investment returns.
The Study indicated that it is
possible to distinguish between three types of artificial intelligence (AI): narrow or
weak AI, general or strong AI, and artificial super intelligence. The
specialist tools are systems that can carry out specific tasks. General
artificial intelligence can work with a capacity similar to the capability of a
human being in terms of thinking. The last type is the super artificial
intelligence, which may exceed the level of human intelligence and can deliver tasks
better than a specialized human. This type has many characteristics that it
must include, such as the ability to learn, plan, communicate spontaneously and
paper explained that artificial intelligence raises many security and moral
risks and threats in the event of increased reliance on it in human life. The huge
output of AI applications is a prelude to a soft war between machine and humans.
paper explained that the resignation of Jeffrey Hinton, who is called the
"godfather of artificial intelligence" from Google in early May 2023
is a wake-up call that alerts us in Arab countries and beyond to the kind of risks
related to artificial intelligence.
paper stressed that artificial intelligence has become a reality and we should
address its challenges by a team of Arab scientists specialized in artificial
intelligence technology. The author stressed that it is time to conduct more
research on the risks and challenges of artificial intelligence technologies and
cyberattacks. We should also draw the attention of the international community to
the urgent need for developing a unified legal framework to regulate the use of
these technologies and to decide on enforcing appropriate sanctions in case of