The Economic Structure of the Muslim Brotherhood: Money, Business, and Funding Networks
Since its inception, the Muslim Brotherhood Group (MBG) was driven by economic activities, along with the “da’wah” mission and political interests. The economic factor became, besides “da’wah” and political interests, one of the main dimensions of the group’s ideology. Soon, the group had businessmen assuming management positions and decidingon its strategies and goals, until the group became - to quote one of its defector leaders- “led by financiers and bankers and not by preaching scholars.”
Conducting research on the economic dimension of the MBG is a very difficult task due to the complex precautionary measures that the group follows in order to obliterate its sources of funding and the way it manages its wealth and areas of expenditure. Another factor that contributed to that is the group’s manipulative ways of evading government and domestic surveillance by tapping into its extensive historical experiences in dealing with successive governments and the judiciary.
The economic discourse of the MBG is derived from their general ideological discourse which is based on three principles: 1- Islam is an integrated and self-sufficient system of life. 2- Islam is a system that is formed and built on two main sources: the Qur’an and the wisdom of the Prophet reflected in his biography and Sunnah. 3- Islam is a system that is applicable in all times and all places of the world.