The UN secretary general, Antonio Guterres, was not exaggerating when he said
in July 2023 that the era of global warming has ended, and the era of global boiling
has arrived. He warned of the speed of climate change and a catastrophe facing
the entire planet. Equally serious, a UN report indicated that only 24 out of
193 nations fulfilled their pledges to the UN Climate Change Conference (COP26)
in Glasgow, Scotland, to take stronger climate action.
Human activities have caused serious climate change, threatening ecosystems,
economic and social development, health, and the well-being of people. It has
now become difficult to recover fully and soon from the impacts of climate
change on the planet.
Therefore, climate action has become imperative and should naturally be the
top priority of the world, along with other serious strategic challenges such
as terrorism, extremism, and international conflicts and crises taking place in
various regions. This means that the upcoming COP28, to be hosted by the UAE at
the end of 2023, comes at a critical time, making it extremely important as a milestone
in dealing with climate change globally.
Humanity has an urgent collective responsibility to step up efforts to fight
climate change, which is one of the most serious challenges in the 21st century, given
the rise in air and sea temperatures to record levels, the change in rainfall
patterns, the widespread melting of ice, rising sea levels, and successive environmental
The repercussions of climate change extend beyond the environment to include
economies, security, health, and other aspects of life. Taking immediate action
to adapt and fight the current and future impacts of climate change could help
control the phenomenon and reduce its associated risks. Accelerating investment
in renewable energy sources could bring new hope to humanity by controlling the
phenomenon and its implications before they hit irreversible levels.
The global nature of climate change calls for collective global action because
its impacts do not differentiate between continents or nations, although some
countries are more affected than others. A hurricane in the United States; cyclones,
torrential rains, and floods in Asia; a water and food crisis and mass displacement
in the Middle East; or record heatwaves all affect many countries, including
European countries, which have not seen such incidents before.
In this book, “Climate Change:
Dimensions and Future Directions,” we discuss
climate change through 11 in-depth studies that shed light on the various dimensions
of climate change and their impacts on the entire world. The book tackles the
repercussions of climate change on armies, terrorism, and water security and how
to address the consequences. We seek to understand the role of scientific and technological
developments, such as artificial intelligence (AI), in climate adaptation at a
time when world leaders are meeting at the COP28 summit to develop climate action
frameworks and a roadmap for climate adaptation and mitigation.