Will Climate Change Shape the Future of Middle East Security?
Climate change is expected to greatly affect the Middle East region, with decreased precipitation, increased temperatures and more frequent extreme events. The implications of climate change in the region can go beyond water scarcity, food security and emergency losses, and exacerbate existing tensions or create new ones that can be felt not only within countries’ borders but also at transboundary levels. While the climate-security nexus has received growing attention, global environmental treaties, to date, lack any mention of the climate-security nexus, leaving fragile and conflict societies without inclusive climate action solutions. In the Middle East, while climate security implications have manifested across the region, the climate-security nexus is yet to be acknowledged as part of climate change conversation and regional cooperation mechanisms.